The term ‘terrestrial’ in biology is commonly used to describe living organisms that live and grow on land. Living things that make use of nature as their habitat may be grouped based on where they live, grow and reproduce. Living things that spend most of their life on land are then called terrestrial.
The Definition of terrestrial mapping
Climate, landform, and land cover are all characteristics of terrestrial ecosystems. The World Terrestrial Ecosystems Map pinpoints areas with similar terrestrial ecosystem structures. So, who should use this map? As retrieved from storymaps.arcgis.com said that, “This map will be essential for NGOs and governments as they assess progress towards meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and it will be generally useful in supporting academic research and teaching at universities.” – Roger Sayre, Ph.D, Senior Scientist for Ecosystems in the Land Change Science Program of the U.S. Geological Survey.
The Goal of terrestrial mapping
Terrestrial ecosystems are responsible for the majority of our development, from raw materials to food production. Forests cover 30% of the Earth’s surface, provide oxygen and shelter for many land species, and serve as an important carbon sink.
Why do we need to use this map? And what’s goal of terrestrial map? From storymaps.arcgis.com, a Senior Scientist for Ecosystems in the Land Change Science Program of the U.S. Geological Survey, Roger Sayre, Ph.D said that “Ecosystems give us goods and services like food, water, fuel etc. that we need for our survival, so we need to take care of them. A requirement for managing ecosystems is first knowing what they are and where they are on the planet. That’s why we classify and map ecosystems.”
The Benefit of terrestrial mapping
As retrieved from storymaps.arcgis.com, terrestrial mapping can be used for;
- Conservation planning.
- Analyses of ecosystem health and resilience.
- Classification of ecosystems related to the FAO Global Ecological Zones dataset.
- Ecosystem accounting.
- Understanding ecosystem structure and function.
- Analyses of the greenhouse, gas emissions, and carbon sequestration.