The Importance of Drones in Pursuing Sustainable Agriculture

The Definition of Agriculture

Agriculture is also known as “farming,” and scientists, inventors, and others who work to improve farming methods and implements are said to be engaged in agriculture. Subsistence farming, in which a farmer farms a small area with limited resource inputs and produces only enough food to meet his or her family’s needs. On the other end of the spectrum is commercial intensive agriculture, which includes industrial agriculture. 

Large fields and/or numbers of animals, large resource inputs (pesticides, fertilizers, etc.), and a high level of mechanization are all part of this type of farming. In general, these operations seek to maximize financial income from grain, produce, or livestock. Modern agriculture goes far beyond the traditional production of human food and animal feed. Timber, fertilizers, animal hides, leather, industrial chemicals (starch, sugar, alcohols, and resins), fibers (cotton, wool, hemp, silk, and flax), fuels (methane from biomass, ethanol, biodiesel), cut flowers, ornamental and nursery plants, tropical fish are examples of agricultural products.

Agriculture Business Opportunities 

Agriculture is a vital and necessary part of everyone’s life. As a result, it is one of the most commonly used as a successful business idea. This blog will show you the top ten Agriculture business ideas that will help you make money. In this case, we’ll bring you some major and money-making agriculture business ideas that provide good returns! Check this out!

  • Agricultural Farm Business
  • Organic Fertilizer
  • Flower Business
  • Fertilizer Distribution
  • Poultry Farming
  • Mushroom Farming
  • Sunflower Farming
  • Organic Farming
  • Dairy Farming
  • Hydroponic Retail Store Business

Risk in agriculture 

Farming involves a significant amount of risk. Weather, yields, prices, government policies, global markets, and other factors affecting farming can all cause large swings in farm income. Risk management entails selecting alternatives that reduce the financial consequences of such uncertainties. Production risk, price or market risk, financial risk, institutional risk, and human risk are the five general types of risk described here.

  • The unpredictability of crop and livestock growth processes contributes to production risk. Weather, disease, pests, and other external factors all have an impact on the quantity and quality of commodities produced.
  • Uncertainty about the prices producers will receive for commodities or the prices they must pay for inputs is referred to as price or market risk. The nature of price risk varies greatly between commodities.
  • Financial risk arises when a farm business borrows money and incurs a debt obligation. Rising interest rates, the possibility of lenders calling loans, and limited credit availability are all aspects of financial risk.
  • Uncertainty about government actions causes institutional risk. Tax laws, chemical use regulations, animal waste disposal rules, and the level of price or income support payments are examples of government decisions that can have a significant impact on the farm business.
  • Human or personal risk refers to factors such as human health issues or personal relationships that can have an impact on the farm business. Personal crises such as accidents, illness, death, and divorce are examples of personal crises that can endanger a farm business.

Making money with drones in agriculture 

Technology has transformative potential for virtually every aspect of our existence. It improves efficiency by reducing workload and required time in numerous industries. The agriculture industry is no exception. 

The progressive automation of agricultural processes has improved the productivity of agriculture labor, shifting masses of workers into other productive industrial areas. Since then, scientific advances in chemistry, genetics, robotics, and many other applied sciences have fuelled the accelerated development of agricultural technology.

Therefore, in recent years agricultural production has increased substantially. However, the demand for agricultural products is due to rise even further with estimations of aggregate agricultural consumption to increase by 69 percent from 2010 to 2050, mostly fuelled by an increase in global population from 7 to 9 billion people during the same time frame.

The only feasible answer for this urgent call for increased agricultural production must come from the technology sector. Drone technology and advanced image data analytics with the capabilities it provides have the potential to become important parts of the technology mix that could fill the gap. Between current agricultural production and the needs of the future.

  • Drones fly around 50 – 100m high. Above 50m high, a special authorization required. 
  • A drone can fly under any weather condition. Drones are water resistant, but image quality can be damaged if pictures are taken during rainy weather.
  • It depends on the drone capability and size. Fixed wings drones have longer flight time and can cover more field in one flight. For instance, 50 min flight time will cover up to 12km2. 
  • The drone also can help farmers to take a photo. Drones can take pictures with a resolution down to a few cm per pixel. A drone can get higher quality and higher precision of images in real time as they can fly below the clouds. Besides, a satellite only takes pictures once a week or once a month.

Many information farmer can get from the images

Raw data collected by drones gets translated into useful and comprehensible information for farmers thanks to specific algorithms. Some of the information these images provide is:

  • Plant counting: plant size, plot statistics, stand number, compromised plots, planter skips)
  • Plant height: crop height and density
  • Vegetation indices: leaf area, anomaly detection, treatment efficacy, infestations, phenology
  • Water needs: damage/drown out
  • Drones ensure permanent monitoring of the crop in the field from planting to harvest.

Therefore, Drones can help farmers to optimize the use of inputs (seed, fertilizers, water), to react more quickly to threats (weeds, pests, fungi), to save time crop scouting (validate treatment/actions taken), to improve variable-rate prescriptions in real-time and estimate yield from a field.

It is expected that the use of drones will grow significantly in farming as they offer a wide range of applications to improve precision agriculture.

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