Aerial Photography for Military: Definition, Purpose, and Benefit

The military uses aerial photography to keep peace and war, why not? Read this article to get to know about the use of aerial photography for the military! 

The definition of aerial photography for military

Aerial photographs are used by the army for two general purposes. One of these purposes is the creation of maps that are used by army staff to plan operations and by combat troops to navigate from one location to another on the ground, as well as to compute field artillery and infantry firing data. Aerial photography is also used for intelligence gathering. Images taken from the air over enemy lines are analyzed for signs of activity to aid us in making our plans and revealing the enemies.

By taking similar pictures of friendly territory, we can detect breaches in camouflage discipline and determine the extent to which our own plans are revealed to the enemy. This latter activity is known as counter-intelligence.

What is the purpose of aerial photography for the military?

Aerial photographs are widely used in both peace and war for general intelligence and map preparation. Military commanders must know as much as possible about the enemy’s activities in order to intelligently prepare their own plans. These activities can be captured by an aerial observer’s or a camera’s eye. The latter provides a permanent record and is far less fallible. Photographs taken over enemy territory are used to track down enemy machine guns, batteries, trenches, convoys, and troop movements.

the benefit of aerial photography for the military 

Photographs of important targets for our bombers are also taken and carefully studied in order to break down enemy camouflage and guide our planes to their targets. Aerial photographs are widely used in the development of our own camouflage methods, as well as in detecting errors in concealing our own military equipment or movements that could be useful if discovered by the enemy’s aerial photographers.

The difficulties of doing so with photographs should be obvious to this audience as well—the lack of elevations, scale errors, small area coverage, distortions due to lens errors, and the difficulty of faithful and rapid reproduction. The issue of quickly and efficiently combining photographs into accurate mosaics.

What is the benefit of aerial photography for the military? 

  • Making maps for war use. Other countries are either already suitably mapped or now lack the facilities for preparing to do rapid mapping in war.
  • The map shows all important topography, works of man of potential military value, such as buildings, fences, and roads, and other terrain features usually appearing on a map of this type. 
  • Photographs for intelligence purposes are taken by observation squadrons of the air corps, who also develop the film and make the prints.
  • The standard method of gathering intelligence photographs is for a plane to fly over enemy territory and search for evidence of enemy activity, such as tracks made by tanks moving into an assembly area or smoke from bivouacs otherwise hidden in the woods. This area is then photographed on a reconnaissance strip, with images overlapping 50 to 60% in the direction of the flight path to allow for stereoscopic studies.
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